16 Mayıs 2022 Pazartesi

Consuming REST APIs from a .NET Client Using ABP’s Client Proxy System

    In this article, we will show how to consume Rest API by creating a new project and converting that from the dynamic client proxy to the static client proxy. Also, I will glance at the differences and similarities between static and dynamic generic proxies.

Article flow

  • Create a new ABP application with ABP CLI
  • Create application service interface
  • Implement the application service
  • Consume the app service from the console application
  • Convert application to use static client proxies
  • Add authorization to the application service endpoint
  • Grant the permission
  • Further reading

Create a new ABP application with ABP CLI

Firstly create a new template via ABP CLI.

abp new Acme.BookStore -t app

If you haven’t installed it yet, you should install the ABP CLI.

In the same folder build the project with the following command on the cli.

dotnet build /graphbuild

It will restore the project and download the NuGet packages.

Now you should run the DbMigrator project to up your database.

Now your project is ready you can run it properly.

From now on, we will add some files to show the case to you.

Create application service interface

You should open your web application then find Pages folder and create a new folder under it named Books.
You should create a new razor page and a new js file as named index.

Change the Pages/Books/Index.cshtml as the following:

@using Acme.BookStore.Localization
@using Acme.BookStore.Web.Pages.Books
@using Microsoft.Extensions.Localization
@model IndexModel
@inject IStringLocalizer<BookStoreResource> L
@section scripts
    <abp-script src="/Pages/Books/index.js" />
        <abp-table striped-rows="true" id="BooksTable"></abp-table>

Now change index.js file as the following content, as weel.

$(function () {
    var l = abp.localization.getResource('BookStore');
            serverSide: true,
            paging: true,
            order: [[1, "asc"]],
            searching: false,
            scrollX: true,
            ajax: abp.libs.datatables.createAjax(acme.bookStore.books.book.getList),
            columnDefs: [
                    title: l('Name'),
                    data: "name"
                    title: l('AuthorName'),
                    data: "authorName"
                    title: l('Price'),
                    data: "price"

Implement the application service

Assume that we have an IBookAppService interface:

using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Volo.Abp.Application.Dtos;
using Volo.Abp.Application.Services;

namespace Acme.BookStore.Books
    public interface IBookAppService : IApplicationService
        Task<PagedResultDto<BookDto>> GetListAsync(PagedAndSortedResultRequestDto input);

That uses a BookDto defined as shown:

using System;
using Volo.Abp.Application.Dtos;

namespace Acme.BookStore.Books
    public class BookDto : AuditedEntityDto<Guid>
        public string AuthorName { get; set; }

        public string Name { get; set; }

        public DateTime PublishDate { get; set; }

        public float Price { get; set; }
using Acme.BookStore.Permissions;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Authorization;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Volo.Abp.Application.Dtos;
using Volo.Abp.Application.Services;

namespace Acme.BookStore.Books
    public class BookAppService : ApplicationService, IBookAppService
        public Task<PagedResultDto<BookDto>> GetListAsync(PagedAndSortedResultRequestDto input)
            var bookDtos = new List<BookDto>()
                new BookDto(){ Name = "Anna Karenina", AuthorName ="Tolstoy", Price = 50},
                new BookDto(){ Name = "Crime and Punishment", AuthorName ="Dostoevsky", Price = 60},
                new BookDto(){ Name = "Mother", AuthorName ="Gorki", Price = 70}
            return Task.FromResult(new PagedResultDto<BookDto>(

It simply returns a list of books. You probably want to get the books from a database, but it doesn’t matter for this article. To do it you can visit here

Consume the app service from the console application

Add a new test class, named BookAppService_Tests in the Application.Tests

using Shouldly;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Volo.Abp.Application.Dtos;
using Xunit;

namespace Acme.BookStore.Books
    public class BookAppService_Tests : BookStoreApplicationTestBase
        private readonly IBookAppService _bookAppService;

        public BookAppService_Tests()
            _bookAppService = GetRequiredService<IBookAppService>();

        public async Task Should_Get_List_Of_Books()
            var result = await _bookAppService.GetListAsync(new PagedAndSortedResultRequestDto());

            result.Items.ShouldContain(b => b.Name == "Mother");

Convert application to use static client proxies

Before showing you how to use static client proxies instead of dynamic client proxies, I ask you to talk differences between both approaches. Their similarities, advantages and disadvantages to each other.

  • Maps C# method calls to remote server HTTP calls by considering the HTTP method, route, query string parameters, request payload and other details.
  • Authenticates the HTTP Client by adding access token to the HTTP header.
  • Serializes to and deserialize from JSON.
  • Handles HTTP API versioning.
  • Add correlation id, current tenant id and the current culture to the request.
  • Properly handles the error messages sent by the server and throws proper exceptions.

Static generic proxies provide better performance because it doesn’t need to run on runtime, but you should re-generate once changing API endpoint definition. Dynamic generic proxies don’t need re-generate again because it works on the runtime but it happens more a bit time.

Now focus on how to do it,
Firstly add Volo.Abp.Http.Client NuGet package to your client project:

Install-Package Volo.Abp.Http.Client

Then add AbpHttpClientModule dependency to your module:

    //the other dependencies

public class BookStoreApplicationModule : AbpModule
    public override void ConfigureServices(ServiceConfigurationContext context)
       //Other configurations

        // Prepare for static client proxy generation

AddStaticHttpClientProxies method gets an assembly, finds all service interfaces in the given assembly, and prepares for static client proxy generation.

The application startup template comes pre-configured for the dynamic client proxy generation, in the HttpApi.Client project. If you want to switch to the static client proxies, change context.Services.AddHttpClientProxies to context.Services.AddStaticHttpClientProxies in the module class of your HttpApi.Client project.

Now you’re ready to generate the client proxy code by running the following command in the root folder of your client project when your project is running.

abp generate-proxy -t csharp -u http://localhost:44397/

Also, you should then run the below command under your web project for the UI side for MVC

abp generate-proxy -t js -u http://localhost:44397/

You should have seen the generated files under the selected folder.

Add authorization

ABP Framework provides an authorization system based on the ASP.NET Core’s authorization infrastructure.
Even so, to use that need to make some configurations.

Under Acme.BookStore.Application.Contracts open BookStorePermissions and paste the below code

namespace Acme.BookStore.Permissions;

public static class BookStorePermissions
    public const string GroupName = "BookStore";

    public static class Books
        public const string Default = GroupName + ".Books";


Also need to change BookStorePermissionDefinitionProvider under the same folder and project as follows.

using Acme.BookStore.Localization;
using Volo.Abp.Authorization.Permissions;
using Volo.Abp.Localization;

public class BookStorePermissionDefinitionProvider : PermissionDefinitionProvider
    public override void Define(IPermissionDefinitionContext context)
        var bookStoreGroup = context.AddGroup(BookStorePermissions.GroupName, L("Permission:BookStore"));
        bookStoreGroup.AddPermission(BookStorePermissions.Books.Default, L("Permission:Books"));

    private static LocalizableString L(string name)
        return LocalizableString.Create<BookStoreResource>(name);

And now you should add [Authorize(BookStorePermissions.Books.Default)] to BookAppService
If you don’t give permission you should see the following screen.

After completing that you can make the localization configuration and you should give permission at the Admin UI side. Now you should the following screen.

Further Reading

In this small tutorial, I explained how you can create an example project and apply the static client proxy instead of the dynamic client proxy. Also summarized the differences between both approaches.

If you want to get more information, you can read the following documents:

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